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Now showing 1 - 10 of 143
  • Publication
    The Combinatory Method in Ugaritic Exegesis
    (1951-01-22) Manross, Lawrence N
    A great asset in the study and translation of any language is the possession of proper and sufficient tools. It is hoped that this work may be one such tool for the further study of Ugaritic. Naturally in the translation of any language known for such a short time there remain many rough spots, problematic words and phrases. Especially is this true in the texts fraught with lacumae. The thought has been expressed that one of the great needs in Ugaritic studies is a concordance, and undoubtedly this would be a real asset. This present work is an attempt to solve the difficulties and to offer a satisfactory translation of the problematic words and phrases; however, the real value of this endeavor may prove to be not that which is solved, but rather the bringing together in one work of all of these problems with the citations of their occurrences.
  • Publication
    Solomon Luria's Responsa: Digested and Edited from the Hebrew and Provided with Notes and an Introduction
    (1930) Hurwitz, Simon
    The purpose of digesting rabbinical responsa into English is to afford the English reader an opportunity to learn Jewish life through first hand information. In the following pages I have endeavored to present a digest of Solomon Luria's responsa in the hope that many other responsa will be give similar treatment. This work is not designed to form a biography of one of the great rabbis who wrote responsa, but to show the value of responsa proper as a source for Jewish history and law.
  • Publication
    Rabbi Akiba Eger: His Life and Times
    (1956) Neuschloss, Andrej Simcha
    Among the responsa of Eger much valuable material is found on the social, economic, and religious situation of the Jews during the long years of his ministry. The study of rabbinical responsa is important to the historian because it enables him to study the actual living conditions of a period. Eger's responsa consist of two parts: some deal exclusively with explanations of difficult passages in the Talmudic literature; others are requests for halachic decisions in reference to a particular situation. The former, while of great value to the serious student of the Talmud - Eger's penetrating analysis of a problem and his incomparable mastery of the vast rabbinic literature make him one of the most important authorities on rabbinic scholarship of the nineteenth century - are of little interest to the historian. The latter, on the other hand, dealing with concrete situations, represent a mine of information to the student of history. In a separate section of this thesis14 such material is analyzed and important data on Jewish life in the first half of the nineteenth century are brought to light. While Eger's method of instruction and his attitude to early and late rabbinical authorities have been examined in this study, it was clearly outside its scope to evaluate Eger's accomplishments in the field of Jewish scholarship. The writer can only hope that by concentrating on the historical aspect of Eger's writings, he will have contributed to a better understanding of the life and time of Akiba Eger.
  • Publication
    The Account of the Ancient Israelite Tabernacle and First Priesthood in the Jewish Antiquities of Flavius Josephus
    (1991-03-09) Robertson, Stuart D
    This dissertation makes an analysis of Josephus' Tabernacle account, found in The Jewish Antiquities 3. 99-207, with the goal of: first, shedding further light on his Biblical text; second, determining what non-Biblical sources, both rabbinic and classical, he used; and third, evaluating his motive in retelling the Biblical narrative. Chapter I begins with an examination of Josephus' objectives, which were seen to be: first, to explain to a curious, not necessarily anti-Semitic, gentile readership the nature of the ancient Israelite shrine; and second, to make clear to his own people, before whom he appeared to be a charlatan, that he shared their concern for the Jewish heritage, which was being redefined following the destruction of the Temple. The balance of the first chapter discusses previous scholarship on the Exodus Tabernacle account, taking note especially of D.R. Nelson's work that includes an examination of Josephus' Tabernacle account. Chapter II compares his description of the Tabernacle court and superstructure with the Hebrew and Greek Biblical text of Exodus, with Ezekiel's vision of the Temple, with Philo, the Mishnah, the Babylonian Talmud, with various midrashim, as well as with Greek classical sources that describe cultic settings. Chapter III compares Josephus' description of the Tabernacle furniture with the same range of sources. Special attention is given to the temple of Apollo at Delphi, to which Josephus calls attention in describing the table in the Tabernacle. Josephus' interest m the cosmic symbolism of the Tabernacle is particularly noted in his description of the candelabrum. Chapter IV examines Josephus' discussion of the priestly vestments. Here it is observed that Josephus deemphasizes Aaron, though not the High Priesthood, and gives more attention to the ordinary priests than the Biblical text does. Chapter V examines the concluding details Josephus' brings into his Tabernacle narrative. This includes particular notice of the symbolism of the Tabernacle, Aaron's appointment as High Priest, coverings over the Tabernacle furniture, the half-shekel tax, a postscript on the architects, and the dedicatory sacrifices for the priests and Tabernacle. It is concluded that Josephus used the Greek and Hebrew forms of Exodus and Numbers, and the Greek text of Ezekiel. He shows close acquaintance with Philo's Life of Moses. From Josephus' halakic and haggadic expansions on the Bible, many of which have parallels in the rabbinic literature, it is concluded that Josephus drew on a common fund of hagadah and halakha. He is a datable witness to these literary developments within Judaism.
  • Publication
    The Black Church as a Source of Anti-Semitism in America
    (1986-05-06) Thomas, Raymond
    This dissertation is a study of the Black Church as a source of anti-Semitism in America. Anti-Semitism and prejudice are defined, and the roots of anti-Semitism are traced through biblical, medieval, and modern times. Furthermore, this study attempts to bring together what I have investigated about anti-Semitism in the Black Church. First, the extent to which anti-Semitism exists within the Black Church is assessed. The specifically religious factors that give rise to anti-Semitism, or that tend to reduce it, are then considered. A few reflections are offered on what the Black Church can do to overcome anti-Semitism in its ranks.
  • Publication
    The Symbolism of the Shepherd in Biblical, Intertestamental, and New Testament Material
    (1975-04-15) Vancil, Jack W
    The average man sees religion on his own personal, philosophical, or existential level. Relative to this study, even the modern man is often thrown back in his thoughts and speech to ancient idioms and ideas which best illustrate his own circumstance — the shepherd symbol is just such a vehicle which provides the background for the social religious needs of many people. The characteristics of sheep obviously provide a specturm of consideration for similar characteristics in mankind. Therefore, the figure could enjoy a wide application to which we are witnesses in the great amount of literature which makes use of the image.
  • Publication
    The Yiddish School in the Soviet Union: 1918-1948
    (1965-04-22) Schulman, Elias
    In this study, an attempt has been made to do exhaustive research on a school system whose rise, development and decline is not only indicative of the shifts in the Soviet Jewish policy, but an accurate barometer of the climate within the Jewish community of three million. The study is based almost entirely on original source material: reports, memoirs, decrees, statements and other documents which appeared in Soviet publications. Cuuricula, textbooks and school catalogues were also examined and articles by Soviet writers about the Yiddish schools were critically evaluated.
  • Publication
    Oral Tradition and the Old Testament: A Critical Challenge
    (1978-03-28) Neiderhiser, Edward A