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  • Publication
    Parallelism in the Hodayot from Qumran
    (1991-11-19) Williams, Gary R
    The dissertation aims to analyze parallelism in the Hodayot from Qumran and to compare it with parallelism in early biblical poetry, Isaiah 1-18, and Isaiah 40-45. Particular attention is given to basic units of composition (couplets, triplets, quatrains, etc.), grammatical parallelism, semantic parallelism, and the relationship between these last two. A topic of secondary importance is the length of poetic lines. After a few paragraphs on the purpose, importance, and overview of the dissertation, the first chapter reviews recent research on the central issues to be dealt with in the study, and then explains the method and terminology to be used in the analysis of parallelism. Chapter II analyzes 266 basic units from the Hodayot, consisting of 647 poetic lines. The third chapter is a statistical summary of the results obtained in Chapter II concerning kinds of basic units, line length, degree of semantic parallelism between the lines, degree of congruence between grammatical and semantic parallelism, grammatical rewrites, internal parallelism, ellipsis and compensation, repetition, parallel unit set structures, and categories of semantic parallelism. The fourth and final chapter compares the statistics from the Hodayot with those from similar studies in early biblical poetry, Isaiah 1-18, and Isaiah 40-45. Enough similarities are found among the four corpora to show that they all belong to the same basic prosodic tradition. Among the differences that distinguish the Hodayot from the biblical corpora are the following: larger ratio of triplets to couplets, more strophes of more than four parallel lines, fewer lines of three grammatical units, more lines of more than four grammatical units, more triplets with a 2:2:2 grammatical unit count, a greater variety of grammatical unit counts, less repetition in consecutive lines, more parallelism of grammatically divisible semantic compounds, less surface level grammatical parallelism, more semantic parallelism and deep level grammatical parallelism between verbal clauses and infinitive phrases, and less parallelism between single words (as opposed to phrases and clauses).
  • Publication
    Labaya of Shechem and the Politics of the Amarna Age
    (1974-03-18) Kufeldt, George
    The Amarna Letters have been the object of many studies since their accidental discovery in 1887 at El-Amarna in Middle Egypt. Beginning with text copies and collations such as those by H. Winckler and L. Abel in 1889-90,1 C. Bezold and E. A. W. Budge in 1892,2 and Otto Schroeder in 1914-15,3 it was not long until what has come to be the definitive edition of these texts was published by J. A. Knudtzon in 1915.4 Since that time, another seven important tablets which were part of the original find at El-Amarna have been published by F. Thureau-Dangin and G. Dossin.5 The site yielded some dozen or so more tablets and fragments in the course of later excavations by German and British archaeologists.6 Similar documents have been added to the total Amarna corpus by discoveries at various locations in Palestine, including Tell el-Hesi, Taanach, Gezer, Shechem,7 Jericho,8 Megiddo,9 and Hazor.10
  • Publication
    Semitic Phonemes with Special Reference to the Ugaritic and in the Light of the Egyptian Evidence
    (1949-05-11) LaSor, William S
    Our task is to study the phonemes of the Semitic language, including, so far as is reasonably certain, the Egyptian language, and paying particular attention to new evidence made available by the discovery of Ugaritic. This task will require dealing with descriptive phonemics, which is the analysis of the phonetic nature of each phoneme in each stage of development in the several languages.
  • Publication
    Institutions for the Education of the Modern Rabbi in Germany (During the Nineteenth Century)
    (1954-04-28) Perlow, Bernard D
    This study deals with the modern rabbinical institutions in Germany during the nineteenth century. After summarizing the influence exeryed on the formation and development of these institutions by changes in modern Jewish life, the writer portrays their growth, indicates their educational innovations, and evaluates their achivement.
  • Publication
    The Ideology of the Sabbath: A Study in Comparative Religion
    (1967-04-04) Hansen, Clifford W.P
    it is the purpose of this study to interpret the ideas associated with the Sabbath in the Old Testament in the light of relevant aspects of the culture of the ancient Near East, thus to clarify and relate the several motivations behind the emphasis with which the Sabbath was finally presented in the Hebrew Bible. As informative as it might be, later Jewish Sabbath ideology is specifically excluded from this study.
  • Publication
    Rabbi Akiba Eger: His Life and Times
    (1956) Neuschloss, Andrej Simcha
    Among the responsa of Eger much valuable material is found on the social, economic, and religious situation of the Jews during the long years of his ministry. The study of rabbinical responsa is important to the historian because it enables him to study the actual living conditions of a period. Eger's responsa consist of two parts: some deal exclusively with explanations of difficult passages in the Talmudic literature; others are requests for halachic decisions in reference to a particular situation. The former, while of great value to the serious student of the Talmud - Eger's penetrating analysis of a problem and his incomparable mastery of the vast rabbinic literature make him one of the most important authorities on rabbinic scholarship of the nineteenth century - are of little interest to the historian. The latter, on the other hand, dealing with concrete situations, represent a mine of information to the student of history. In a separate section of this thesis14 such material is analyzed and important data on Jewish life in the first half of the nineteenth century are brought to light. While Eger's method of instruction and his attitude to early and late rabbinical authorities have been examined in this study, it was clearly outside its scope to evaluate Eger's accomplishments in the field of Jewish scholarship. The writer can only hope that by concentrating on the historical aspect of Eger's writings, he will have contributed to a better understanding of the life and time of Akiba Eger.
  • Publication
    Education among Jewish Displaced Persons: The Sheerit Hapletah in Germany, 1945-1950
    (1978-02-21) Goldman, Solomon
    This dissertation deals with the problems of education among the Jewish Displaced Persons (known among Jews as Sheerit Hapletah (Saved Remnant) in Germany following the end of World War II in 1945.
  • Publication
    Naphtali Herz Wessely: A Study of the Education and Poet
    (1944-04-26) Ozer, Charles L
    In order to achieve a proper perspective of the life and activities of Naphtali Herz Wessely, we need as a background the ideals and influences of the German or Berlin Haskalah. To describe, however, this German or Berlin Haskalah, which is the first period of the general Haskalah Movement, and to evaluate its activities and influences are not within the scope of this dissertation, for that is a subject which contains material for many dissertations. Nevertheless, some brief sketch of the period and its antecedents may prove of value here.
  • Publication
    Aramaic and Mandean Magic and Their Demonology
    (1956-04-19) Wallis, Wilber B
    The Aramaic texts to be discussed in this thesis are magical incantations against evil powers. The texts are written on earthenware bowls found in archaeological investigations or by chance in Iraq and Iran. The bowls and texts appear to date from Sassanian Babylonia(1
  • Publication