Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



Tyler Wry


In Kenya, only 19% of urban residents have access to proper sanitation, while 87% of the population use cell phones on a daily basis. The stark divide between the availability of technology services and basic needs is characteristic of many emerging economies. With cheap imports providing Kenyans with access to modern technology, and the government’s increasing inefficiency, social enterprises are taking matters into their own hands. These enterprises are leveraging available technology to address the needs of the community and solving social problems in the most efficient way possible. For this research, I focused on three enterprises: Sanergy, SHOFCO and BURN and evaluated how technology has enabled them to rise above the crowd and maximize their impact in Nairobi, Kenya.


sanitation, social enterprise, innovation, Nairobi Kenya, BURN, SHOFCO, Sanergy, social impact



Date Posted: 23 June 2020


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.