wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water: Volume 5, Issue 1

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  • Publication
    Empowering Women in the WASH Sector: A Woman's Burden
    (2017-12-01) Greeney, Yari; Chanis, Becky; Bulos, Gemma; Cardone, Rachel
  • Publication
    Caloric Expenditure as an Indicator of Access to Water
    (2017-12-01) La Frenierre, Jeff
    Building upon the stated success of the Millennium Development Goal to "halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water", Goal 6.1 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SD Gs) aims to "by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all." However, 'access' as currently defined allows for a water source to be outside of the home, by tradition as much as 1 kilometer away. As a result, as many as 2.3 billion people live in households considered to have achieved 'access' but who remain reliant on water fetching, an onerous task that is disproportionately assigned to women and girls. This research first examines the question of access using as case studies two rural Lao villages, including the demographics of water fetchers, then employs a predictive energy expenditure model to analyze in detail the human energy costs associated with fetching water. Results show that, even where fetching distance is well within 1 kilometer, the daily human energy cost of water fetching is often a considerable proportion of daily caloric intake. Furthermore, other factors such as the age and gender of water fetchers and the nature of the terrain they must traverse play a large role in this energy cost, a fact that often obscures the true burden of water fetching. If the health and well-being objectives that lie at the heart of the SDGs are to be truly met, this reality will have to be acknowledged by development practitioners and water policy makers.
  • Publication
    Using Film to Inspire Advocacy: An Interview with Shalini Kantayya
    (2017-12-01) Ilyas, Mahvish; Wu, Siga; Dalrymple, Dechan
  • Publication
    Arsenic Poisoning in Rural Bangladesh-An intersectional analysis of impact in women
    (2017-12-01) Andersson, Louise; Caretta, Dr. Martina Angela
    Based on a qualitative case study in six arsenic acute villages in southwest Bangladesh, this paper presents the intersectional impact of the arsenic poisoning crisis in rural Bangladesh. Findings indicate that the arsenic poisoning crisis is aggravating existing gender inequalities as well as gender roles and responsibilities. The gender inequalities related to arsenicosis are manifested in the access to health care and in the degree of social stigma: women are the biggest victims, unmarried women in particular. The study shows that multiple axis of oppression as class, disability and age are crucial in determining the magnitude of the arsenic poisoning impacts in rural Bangladesh. Understanding the gendered dynamics in the arsenic poisoning crisis and, in particular its intersectional impact on women informs the debate on disaster management. Consequently, by expanding current knowledge, this case study lays the ground for more comprehensive and gender inclusive policy making in the context of hazardous waterscapes.
  • Publication
    Art Reinvented: Connecting Back to Mother Nature
    (2017-12-01) Dalrymple, Dechan