Departmental Papers (CIS)

Document Type

Conference Paper

Subject Area

CPS Embedded Control

Date of this Version



Chang, J., Venkatasubramanian, K. K., Enyioha, C., Sundaram, S., Pappas, G. J., & Lee, I. (2012). HMM-based characterization of channel behavior for networked control systems. In Proceedings of the 1st international conference on High Confidence Networked Systems (HiCoNS '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 11-20. doi: 10.1145/2185505.2185508

© ACM, 2012. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Proceedings of the 1st international conference on High Confidence Networked Systems,


We study the problem of characterizing the behavior of lossy and data corrupting communication channels in a networked control setting, where the channel's behavior exhibits temporal correlation. We propose a behavior characterization mechanism based on a hidden Markov model (HMM). The use of a HMM in this regard presents multiple challenges including dealing with incomplete observation sequences (due to data losses and corruptions) and the lack of a priori information about the model complexity (number of states in the model). We address the first challenges by using the plant state information and history of received/applied control inputs to fill in the gaps in the observation sequences, and by enhancing the HMM learning algorithm to deal with missing observations . Further, we adopt two model quality criteria for determining behavior model complexity. The contributions of this paper include: (1) an enhanced learning algorithm for refining the HMM model parameters to handle missing observations, and (2) simultaneous use of two well-defined model quality criteria to determine the model complexity. Simulation results demonstrate over 90\% accuracy in predicting the output of a channel at a given time step, when compared to a traditional HMM based model that requires complete knowledge of the model complexity and observation sequence.


Networked Control System, Majority Voting, Hidden Markov Model


Date Posted: 25 June 2012

This document has been peer reviewed.