ScholarlyCommons is the University of Pennsylvania's open access institutional repository for gathering, indexing, storing, and making widely available the scholarly output of the Penn community. Reflecting the core values of inclusion, innovation, and impact in the Penn Compact 2020, ScholarlyCommons shares the exceptional works of Penn faculty, staff, and students with a local, national, and global audience. Access to ScholarlyCommons is free to all. ScholarlyCommons is a service of the University of Pennsylvania Libraries.

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