Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

6-2013

Publication Source

Molecular Therapy

Volume

21

Issue

6

Start Page

1131

Last Page

1141

DOI

10.1038/mt.2013.50

Abstract

Achromatopsia is a genetic disorder of cones, and one of the most common forms is a channelopathy caused by mutations in the β-subunit, CNGB3, of the cone cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channel. Recombinant adeno-associated virus of serotype 5 (rAAV5)-mediated gene transfer of human CNGB3 cDNA to mutant dog cones results in functional and structural rescue in dogs <0.5 years of age, but treatment is minimally effective in dogs >1 year. We now test a new therapeutic concept by combining gene therapy with the administration of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF). Intravitreal CNTF causes transient dedifferentiation of photoreceptors, a process called deconstruction, whereby visual cells become immature with short outer segments, and decreased retinal function and gene expression that subsequently return to normal. Cone function was successfully rescued in all mutant dogs treated between 14 and 42 months of age with this strategy. CNTF-mediated deconstruction and regeneration of the photoreceptor outer segments prepares the mutant cones optimally for gene augmentation therapy.

Copyright/Permission Statement

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Share

COinS
 

Date Posted:19 April 2018

This document has been peer reviewed.