Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



Nien-hê Hsieh


Each day, new developmental agencies open their doors in Tanzania with the aspiration to better the lives of the citizens, or to fill in the gaps that they believe Tanzania lacks. These gaps may include appropriate healthcare systems, educational systems, infrastructure, access to finance, etc. These agencies include charitable organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), philanthropic organizations, religious institutions, and many more.

Tanzania is classified as an economically Less Developed Country with most of its citizens performing subsistence farming. 96.6% of its population lives under $2 a day (HDR). In order to alleviate poverty, the Tanzanian government in 2005 launched the “National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty”, also known as MKUKUTA, an acronym in the Kiswahili language. MKUKUTA is informed by Tanzania’s vision for 2025 and committed to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (Summary).

For a third world country with inadequate resources and infrastructure to develop, the government must work in coordination with other institutions such as NGOs to meet the needs of its citizens. Therefore, this paper investigates the answer to the following question:

“What are the impacts of Non-Governmental Organizations on the lives of the citizens in Tanzania?”

Because of the wide scope of the assignment, focused research was conducted in three areas: Microcredit, Education and Healthcare. These areas were examined because they are critical for the development of any country, and they follow the basic format of the Human Development Indicator (HDI) which has similar components (access to knowledge, decent standard of living/income, and quality of life). Interviews were also held with government entities, as well as NGO networking and capacity building bodies to obtain a holistic view of the situation in Tanzania with regards to NGOs.


Tanzania, NGO, micro-credit



Date Posted: 16 November 2011


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