University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics


I provide new evidence that backward binding is not restricted to psych contexts, as commonly thought. Backward binding refers to a phenomenon in which an anaphor is bound by a DP below it, in apparent contravention of Principle A. Some popular previous accounts have explained backward binding in psych contexts as truly exceptional, in that anaphors are licensed by and corefer with animate perspective takers and are exempt from the usual Principle A requirements. I present new data that shows backward binding is possible for at least some speakers with stative uses of location verbs, which cannot be explained under such accounts. I outline two possible ways of deriving Principle A-obeying backward binding if Featural Relativized Minimality is assumed: featural differences between binder and bindee, and smuggling movement. I provide further new evidence from stative uses of location particle verbs that favor the featural differences approach. I close with a brief discussion of some possible implications for the structure of stative location verbs.



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