University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics

Article Title

Licensing strong NPIs


This paper investigates the differences in distribution between weak and strong NPIs in English. It is proposed that both weak and strong NPIs are licensed by Downward Entailing (DE) operators; but that weak NPIs only pay attention to the truth-conditional content of their licensers, while strong NPIs must pay attention to non-truthconditional meaning as well in their search for a DE licenser.