The Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC) series contains papers by researchers at the PSC/PARC. It serves as an outlet for pre-prints, for papers under journal review, and for background papers (e.g., for technical materials for which journals lack space) written by PSC/PARC Research Associates. The series also publishes submissions from students affiliated with Research Associates at the PSC/PARC with Research Associate sponsorship. The PSC/PARC series combines works previously published in the Population Studies Center Working Paper Series and the Population Aging Research Center Working Paper Series. Papers can be submitted by emailing: psc-library@pop.upenn.edu.

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Papers from 2013

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The Social and the Sexual: Networks in Contemporary Demographic Research, Hans-Peter Kohler, Stéphane Helleringer, Jere R. Behrman, and Susan C. Watkins

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The Effects of Child-Bearing Policies in Remarriages: Evidence from China, Hanming Fang and Wanchuan Lin

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The Rise and Fall of Unions in the U.S., Emin Dinlersoz and Jeremy Greenwood

Papers from 2012

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La causalité en sociologie et démographie. Retour sur le principe de l’action humaine, Herbert L. Smith

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Marriage as a Mechanism: Women’s Education and Wealth in Malawi, Sarah Spell, Philip Anglewicz, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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The Indirect Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy, Victoria Baranov, Daniel Bennett, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Education Fever and the East Asian Fertility Puzzle: A Case Study of Low Fertility in South Korea, Thomas M. Anderson and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Semiparametric Bayesian Modeling of Income Volatility Heterogeneity, Shane T. Jensen and Stephen H. Shore

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Interdisciplinarity in Recently Founded Academic Journals, Jerry A. Jacobs and Rebecca Henderson

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Identifying Idiosyncratic Career Taste and Skill with Income Risk, Stephen H. Shore, Daniel Barth, and Shane T. Jensen

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Evaluating Health and Disease in Sub-Saharan Africa: Minimally Invasive Collection of Plasma in the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH), Iliana V. Kohler, Philip Anglewicz, Hans-Peter Kohler, John F. McCabe, Ben Chilima, and Beth J. Soldo

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Performance-Support Bias and the Gender Pay Gap among Stockbrokers, Janice F. Madden

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Health Expenditure Risk and Annuitization: Evidence from Medigap Coverage, Daniel W. Sacks

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Copenhagen Consensus 2012: Challenge Paper on "Population Growth", Hans-Peter Kohler

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Technology and the Changing Family: A Unified Model of Marriage, Divorce, Educational Attainment and Married Female Labor-Force Participation, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Georgi Kocharkov, and Cezar Santos

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Causal Effects of Single-Sex Schools on College Entrance Exams and College Attendance: Random Assignment in Seoul High Schools, Hyunjoon Park, Jere R. Behrman, and Jaesung Choi

Papers from 2011

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The Impact of the PROGRESA/Oportunidades Conditional Cash Transfer Program on Health and Related Outcomes for the Aging in Mexico, Jere R. Behrman and Susan W. Parker

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First-Round Impacts of the 2008 Chilean Pension System Reform, Jere R. Behrman, Maria Cecilia Calderon, Olivia Mitchell, Javiera Vasquez, and David Bravo

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Do More-Schooled Women have Fewer Children and Delay Childbearing? Evidence from a Sample of U.S. Twins, Vikesh Amin and Jere R. Behrman

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High Development and Fertility: Fertility at Older Reproductive Ages and Gender Equality Explain the Positive Link, Mikko Myrskylä, Hans-Peter Kohler, and Francesco Billari

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Journal Rankings in Sociology: Using the H Index with Google Scholar, Jerry A. Jacobs

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HIV/AIDS-related Expectations and Risky Sexual Behavior in Malawi, Adeline Delavande and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Intergenerational Transfers in the Era of HIV/AIDS: Evidence from Rural Malawi, Iliana V. Kohler, Hans-Peter Kohler, Philip Anglewicz, and Jere R. Behrman

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Estimating Smoking-attributable Mortality in the United States, Andrew Fenelon and Samuel H. Preston

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International Trade Openness and Gender Gaps in Pakistani Labor Force Participation Rates Over 57 Years, Asma Hyder and Jere R. Behrman

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Is the High Level of Obesity in the United States Related to Its Low Life Expectancy?, Samuel H. Preston and Andrew Stokes

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From Shame to Game in One Hundred Years: A Macroeconomic Model of the Rise in Premarital Sex and its De-Stigmatization, Jesus Fernández-Villaverde, Jeremy Greenwood, and Nezih Guner

Papers from 2010

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Financial Literacy, Schooling, and Wealth Accumulation, Jere R. Behrman, Olivia S. Mitchell, Cindy Soo, and David Bravo

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Early Life Conditions and Cause-Specific Mortality in Finland, Irma T. Elo, Pekka Martikainen, and Mikko Myrskylä

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Women's Education and Family Behavior: Trends in Marriage, Divorce and Fertility, Adam Isen and Betsey Stevenson

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Inaccurate age and sex data in the Census PUMS files: Evidence and Implications, J. Trent Alexander, Michael Davern, and Betsey Stevenson

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Perception of HIV risk and the quantity and quality of children: The case of rural Malawi, Ruben Castro, Jere R. Behrman, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Out of Sync? Demographic and Other Social Science Research on Health Conditions in Developing Countries, Jere R. Behrman, Julia A. Behrman, and Nykia M. Perez

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Social Science Methods for Twins Data: Integrating Causality, Endowments and Heritability, Hans-Peter Kohler, Jere R. Behrman, and Jason Schnittker

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Has the NFL’s Rooney Rule Efforts “Leveled the Field” for African American Head Coach Candidates?, Janice F. Madden and Matthew Ruther

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How High is Hispanic/Mexican Fertility in the U.S.? Immigration and Tempo Considerations, Emilio A. Parrado

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Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports, Betsey Stevenson

Papers from 2009

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Personal Attributes and the Financial Well-Being of Older Adults: The Effects of Control Beliefs, Karen A. Zurlo

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Pension Payouts in Chile: Past, Present, and Future Prospects, Olivia S. Mitchell and Jose Ruiz

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Portfolio Choice in Retirement: Health Risk and the Demand for Annuities, Housing, and Risky Assets, Motohiro Yogo

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US Mortality in an International Context: Age Variations, Jessica Y. Ho and Samuel H. Preston

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Double Sample to Minimize Bias Due to Non-response in a Mail Survey, Herbert L. Smith

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Low Life Expectancy in the United States: Is the Health Care System at Fault?, Samuel H. Preston and Jessica Y. Ho

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Social Change: The Sexual Revolution, Jeremy Greenwood and Nezih Guner

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The US Health Care System and Lagging Life Expectancy: A Case Study, Samuel Preston and Jessica Y. Ho

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Natural Selection in a Contemporary Human Population, Douglas Ewbank

Papers from 2008

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Reforms to an Individual Account Pension System and their Effects on Work and Contribution Decisions: The Case of Chile, Viviana Vélez-Grajales

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How Beliefs about HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi, Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira, and Petra Todd

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How Universal School Vouchers Affect Educational and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Chile, David Bravo, Sankar Mukhopadhyay, and Petra E. Todd

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The Effects of Early Childhood Diseases on Young Adult Health in Guatemala, Rachel Margolis

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The Dynamics of Lifecycle Investing in 401(k) Plans, Olivia S. Mitchell, Gary Mottola, Stephen Utkus, and Takeshi Yamaguchi

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Poverty and Proximate Barriers to Learning: Vision Deficiencies, Vision Correction and Educational Outcomes in Rural Northwest China, Emily Hannum and Yuping Zhang

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Health of Native-born and Foreign-born Black Residents in the United States: Evidence from the 2000 Census of Population and the National Health Interview Survey, Irma Elo, Neil Mehta, and Cheng Huang

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Mate Availability and Unmarried Parent Relationships, Kristen Harknett

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The More the Better? Characteristics and Efficiency of 401(k) Investment Menus, Ning Tang

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Marriage and Divorce since World War II: Analyzing the Role of Technological Progress on the Formation of Households, Jeremy Greenwood and Nezih Guner

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Educational differences in all-cause mortality Evidence from Bulgaria, Finland and the United States, Iliana Kohler, Pekka Martikainen, Kirsten P. Smith, and Irma T. Elo

Papers from 2007

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The Likoma Network Study: Context, Data Collection and Initial Results, Stephane Helleringer, Hans-Peter Kohler, Agnes Chimbiri, Praise Chatonda, and James Mkandawire

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Marriage and Divorce: Changes and their Driving Forces, Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfers

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Divorce-Law Changes, Household Bargaining, and Married Women's Labor Supply Revisited, Betsey Stevenson

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The Marital Process and HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi, Shelley Clark, Michelle Poulin, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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The Behavioral Economics of Altruism, Reciprocity, and Transfers within Families and Rural Communities: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa, Li-wei Chao and Hans-Peter Kohler

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A New Method for Attributing Changes in Life Expectancy to Various Causes of Death, with Application to the United States, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez and Samuel Preston

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Time Preference and Its Relationship with Age, Health, and Longevity Expectations, Li-wei Chao, Helena Szrek, Nuno Sousa Pereira, and Mark V. Pauly

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Subjective Expectations in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Malawi, Adelin Delavande and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Hidden Regret and Advantageous Selection in Insurance Markets, Rachel J. Huang, Alexander Muermann, and Larry Y. Tzeng

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Preliminary Demographic Analysis of a Toba Population in Transition in Northern Argentina, Claudia Valeggia and Norberto Lanza

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Literacy Gaps by Educational Attainment: A Comparative Study of 19 Countries, Hyunjoon Park and Pearl Kyei

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Social Networks and HIV/AIDS Risk Perceptions, HANS-PETER KOHLER, Jere R. Behrman, and Susan Cotts Watkins

Papers from 2006

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The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons from the Social Protection Survey, Alberto Arenas de Mesa, David Bravo, Jere R. Behrman, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Petra Todd

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Regret, Pride, and the Disposition Effect, Alexander Muermann and Jacqueline M. Volkman

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An Analysis of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit, Lucarelli Claudio

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What Determines Adult Cognitive Skills? Impacts of Pre-Schooling, Schooling and Post-Schooling Experiences in Guatemala, Jere R. Behrman, John Hoddinott, John A. Maluccio, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Emily L. Behrman, Reynaldo Martorell, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, and Aryeh D. Stein

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Who Knows What About Their Pensions? Financial Literacy in the Chilean Individual Account System, Jeremy O. Skog

Cross-Cohort Differences in Health on the Verge of Retirement, Beth J. Soldo, Olivia Mitchell, Rania Tfaily, and John McCabe

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What Determines Adult Cognitive Skills? Impacts of Pre-Schooling, Schooling and Post-Schooling Experiences in Guatemala, Jere R. Behrman, John F. Hoddinott, John A. Maluccio, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Emily L. Behrman, Reynaldo Martorell, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, and Aryeh D. Stein

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The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults, John A. Maluccio, John F. Hoddinott, Jere R. Behrman, Reynaldo Martorell, Agnes R. Quisumbing, and Aryeh D. Stein

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Black-White Differentials in Cause-Specific Mortality in the United States during the 1980s: The Role of Medical Care and Health Behaviors, Irma T. Elo and Greg L. Drevenstedt

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Mortality of American Troops in Iraq, Samuel H. Preston and Emily Buzzell

Papers from 2005

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Sex Mortality Differentials in the United States: The Role of Cohort Smoking Patterns, Samuel Preston and Haidong Wang

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When Mental Health Becomes Health: Age and the Shifting Meaning of Self-evaluations of General Health, Jason Schnittker

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Using Anthropometric Indicators for Mexicans in the United States and Mexico to Understand the Selection of Migrants and the "Hispanic Paradox", Eileen M. Crimmins, Beth J. Soldo, Jung Ki Kim, and Dawn Alley

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Childhood Predictors of Late-Life Diabetes: The Case of Mexico, Iliana V. Kohler and Beth J. Soldo

Papers from 1998

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Childhood Conditions and Adult Health: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study, Irma T. Elo

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Health Problems as Determinants of Retirement: Are Self-Rated Measures Endogenous?, Debra Sabatini Dwyer and Olivia S. Mitchell

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In-law Resources and Distribution Within Marriage, Jere R. Behrman and Mark R. Rosenzweig

Papers from 1997

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Effects of Age Misreporting on Mortality Estimates at Older Ages, Samuel H. Preston, Irma T. Elo, and Quincy Stewart

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“Ability" Biases in Schooling Returns and Twins: A Test and New Estimates, Jere R. Behrman and Mark R. Rosenzweig

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Childhood Conditions that Predict Survival to Advanced Ages Among African Americans, Samuel H. Preston, Mark E. Hill, and Greg Lee Drevenstedt

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New Insights into the Far Eastern Pattern of Mortality, Michele Gragnolati, Irma T. Elo, and Noreen Goldman

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Mortality in Vietnam, 1979-1989, M. Giovanna Merli

Papers from 1996

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Using Successive Censuses to Reconstruct the African-American Population, 1930-1990, Samuel H. Preston, Irma T. Elo, and Lynn Gale

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Adult Mortality Among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: A Review of the Evidence, Irma T. Elo

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Consistency of Age Reporting By Cause of Death Among Elderly African-American Decedents, Jon M. Hussey and Irma T. Elo

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Construction of the Earnings and Benefits File (EBF) for Use With the Health and Retirement Survey, Olivia Mitchell, Jan Olson, and Thomas Steinmeier

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Loneliness and Depression in Middle and Old Age: Are the Childless More Vulnerable?, Tanya Koropeckyj-Cox

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1994-95 Advisory Council on Social Security Technical Panel on Assumptions and Methods Final Report, Howard Young, Barry Allen, Eileen Crimmins, David Cutler, Martin Holmer, Diane Manunovich, Robert Myers, Samuel H. Preston, Eugene Steuerle, Michael Sze, Kathleen Utgoff, Larry Wiltse, and Barbara Wolfe

Papers from 1995

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'Circle No Bicycle': Fieldwork in Nyanza Province, Kenya, 1994-1995, Susan C. Watkins

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1994-95 Advisory Council On Social Security Technical Panel on Trends and Issues in Retirement Saving Final Report, Olivia Mitchell, Joseph Quinn, G. Lawrence Atkins, Richard Burkhauser, Gary Burtless, Robert Clark, Peter D. Paul, John Haley, Daniel Halperin, Eric Hanushek, Diane Macunovich, Dallas Salisbury, John Shoven, and Stephen Zeldes

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Age-Linked Institutions and Age Reporting Among Older African Americans, Mark E. Hill, Samuel H. Preston, Irma T. Elo, and Ira Rosenwaike