Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



The published version of this Working Paper may be found in the 2000 publication: Forecasting Retirement Needs and Retirement Wealth.

Working Paper Number


Copyright/Permission Statement

All findings, interpretations, and conclusions of this paper represent the views of the author(s) and not those of the Wharton School or the Pension Research Council. © 2000 Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved.


Gustman and Steinmeier are grateful for research support from the Pension and Welfare Benefit Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. All four authors acknowledge research support from the National Institute on Aging. Mitchell also acknowledges research assistance from the University of Pennsylvania's Aging Research Center and the Pension Research Council. Charlie Brown, Jody Lamkin, Bob Petticolas, and Mel Stephens provided invaluable help at several stages of the project, and Gary Fields provided helpful suggestions.

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Economics Commons



Date Posted: 26 February 2020