Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



The published version of this Working Paper may be found in the 2003 publication: Benefits for the Workplace of the Future.

Working Paper Number


Copyright/Permission Statement

©2000 Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. All Rights Reserved.


Support for this research was provided by the Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor; able research assistance was provided by Erica Dykes. Useful comments were provided by Daniel Beller, Phyllis Fernandez, David McCarthy, and Jack Vanderhei, though opinions and conclusions are solely those of the author.

Included in

Economics Commons



Date Posted: 13 September 2019