Retiring on the House? Cross-Cohort Differences in Housing Wealth
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This chapter evaluates the role of housing wealth in Baby Boomers’ retirement prospects, to determine what role housing wealth will play in their retirement wellbeing. Our approach compares the wealth position of the leading edge of the Boomers with that of the generation immediately preceding it, in the years just prior to retirement. We rely on the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) and compare persons age 51-61 in 1992, whom we refer to as the original HRS cohort, with the Early Baby Boomers interviewed at age 51-56 interviewed in 2004. We find that Boomers do have more valuable homes, but they have also borrowed more against them, so they have a similar fraction of assets allocated to home equity as their predecessors. Unlike prior studies, we find that people do view housing as a source of wealth that can help them finance their retirement needs. Indeed, a substantial fraction of older households do move, and in the process, they appear to liquidate some home equity which they convert to financial assets. Consequently, some of the home equity extraction observed in recent years may be related to the aging of the population, rather than a cyclical response to rapid house appreciation.
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All findings, interpretations, and conclusions of this paper represent the views of the authors and not those of the Wharton School or the Pension Research Council. © 2006 Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved.
The conclusions expressed here are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect the views of Barclays Capital, Watson Wyatt, or their associates.
Date Posted: 28 August 2019