Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

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Working Paper

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As older workers approach the end of their working career, they face a series of important decisions that will determine their economic wellbeing during their remaining lifetime. They must decide when to retire, when to start Social Security and company pensions, whether to annuitize 401(k) balances, and whether to take lump sums from defined benefit plans. Lack of knowledge or insufficient financial literacy may lead to regrettable decisions. This chapter assesses employer provided financial education as well as pre-retirement planning programs and examines their effectiveness in increasing knowledge and altering retirement behavior.


The published version of this Working Paper may be found in the 2010 publication: Reorienting Retirement Risk Management.

Working Paper Number


Copyright/Permission Statement

Opinions and conclusions are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect views of the institutions supporting the research, with whom the authors are affiliated, or the Pension Research Council. Copyright 2009 © Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved.

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Economics Commons



Date Posted: 23 August 2019