Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



To illustrate how advisors explain risk to clients, we map our view of current advisory practice, with particular emphasis on risk management, to our view of the current mosaic of planning paradigms. We then apply that information to identify questions for further discussion and research. We conclude there has been an evolution in advisory practice from a focus on product, to policy, and now increasingly to process, with communication about risk remaining central throughout.


The published version of this Working Paper may be found in the 2013 publication: The Market for Retirement Financial Advice.

Working Paper Number


Copyright/Permission Statement

All findings, interpretations, and conclusions of this paper represent the views of the author and not those of the Wharton School or the Pension Research Council. © 2012 Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. All rights reserved.

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Economics Commons



Date Posted: 28 June 2019