Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics Theses

Document Type

Thesis or dissertation

Date of this Version



Submitted to the Program of Organizational Dynamics, College of Liberal and Professional Studies in the School of Arts and Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science in Organizational Dynamics at the University of Pennsylvania

Advisor: Charline S. Russo


This capstone serves as a look into the world of professional sports from the perspective of its female front office employees. For decades, historical stereotypes and societal norms have influenced the way sports are viewed, resulting in a continued male-dominated atmosphere. Women have slowly been able to enter this field but are still not fully accepted or equally represented. Through interviews with 10 women from the NBA, NHL, NFL, MLS, WNBA and MLB, I sought to understand why this gender imbalance may exist, learn the experiences of women currently working in professional sports and most importantly generate suggestions for solutions to close this disparity. This capstone is a sound exploration into this topic and provides a wealth of resources for any organization seeking to gain more gender equality in their workplace.


professional sports, female, women employees, gender equality in the workplace



Date Posted: 05 February 2021