PublicationEmbodied Rights: the Use of Health and Disease Rhetoric in the Late-Nineteenth Century American Woman Suffrage Movement(2023) Worrall, Alex; Brown, KathleenThis thesis engages with the long history of the body in the context of the women’s rights movement, specifically with the role of medicine in the late-nineteenth-century women’s rights movement. I specifically focus on three aspects of the women’s rights movement during this period: bodily autonomy, woman suffrage, and women’s empowerment. This is not to say these three facets of the women’s rights movement were segmented from each other; rather, they were deeply intertwined. However, in researching the works and lives of the women in this thesis, it became clear that these were the three primary distinctions in the means through which women’s rights activists used medicine and health as a tool for pushing their cause. In this thesis, I argue that medicine and health played a key role in the nineteenth-century advancement for women’s rights. Women’s rights activists between 1870 and 1900 imbued their speeches with rhetoric of health and disease, demonstrating the deep connection between medicine, the body, and the concept of political rights. PublicationOceans Apart and Spaces Between: Sociopolitical Identity Formation in Early 20th Century Chinese Peruvians(2023) Ke, Adrian; Farnsworth-Alvear, AnnThe Chinese Diaspora has been far-reaching, stretching to almost every continent. While Chinese migration to the United States has been relatively well-documented, the not unsubstantial movement of Chinese to Latin America has attracted less scholarly attention. Between 100,000 and 120,000 Chinese coolie laborers landed in Peru in the late 19th century to replace slave labor on haciendas. The almost entirely male Chinese population soon started families with Peruvian women, contributing to the Latin American tradition of mestizaje (racial mixing). Tusán refers to second-generation Peruvians of Chinese origin, either of mixed-race (injerto) or fully Chinese descent who came of age in the early 20th century. Unique in their position between two such distinct cultures, there remains much to be examined about Tusán identity. This project engages with transnational conceptions of Chineseness and refutes essentialist depictions of Chinese Peruvians. Using primary sources in written and oral forms, this project explores Chinese Peruvian experiences with Latin American Orientalism and interethnic relations with the Japanese Peruvian community. My focus, however, is primarily on the agency of Chinese Peruvians themselves. I document formal expressions of identity and attempts to signal upper class status with a register on Chineseness, and I trace the significance of informal expressions of identity. Both, I argue, were important parts of a cross-class project of building community for Tusán in Peru. PublicationConflict, Resistance, and Resolve: Uncovering Lost Narratives in Japanese-American Internment(2022-12) De Oliveira, Hannah Liz; Azuma, Eiichiro; Offner, AmyBy the end of 1942, the U.S. army and the federal government had forcibly removed 120,000 individuals of Japanese ancestry from their homes on the West Coast, confining them to ten internment camps across the nation. In an effort to construct a more accurate representation of the mindset of these internees in the wartime era, my thesis hones in on conflict and division within camp life. I emphasize the heterogeneity of Japanese-American voices and push back against the oversimplification of the different internee subgroups: the Japan-born immigrants (“Issei”), U.S.-born citizens (“Nisei”), and Japan-educated Nisei who returned home before the war (“Kibei”). Throughout the course of internment history, they have been characterized as “loyal” or “disloyal.” The continued use of these labels, both in the wartime period and in the subsequent scholarship on internment, minimizes the complexity of internees’ views. Their mindsets were shaped by the traumatic nature of removal, the treatment they received in the camps, and their fears about post-camp life. Depending on their individual experiences, internees chose to act in distinct ways. For example, some resisted governmental authority while others served as government informants. However, their choices were not necessarily indicative of undying loyalty to Japan or the United States. Through a case study of the Manzanar internment camp in California and the Poston internment camp in Arizona, I demonstrate that the “disloyal” and “loyal” labels provide an incomplete understanding of life in the camps. Deep disagreements shaped internees’ experiences, and the intricacies of the internment experience are silenced through racialized assumptions about people of Japanese ancestry. With conflict as a lens for viewing the internment experience, a much clearer picture of wartime Japanese American experiences comes to the forefront. PublicationThe Life and Work of Charles Edward Stowe, the Son of Harriet Beecher Stowe(2023) DeMonte, Emma; Gronningsater, SarahSince her lifetime, biographers have framed Harriet Beecher Stowe – the author of the 1852 novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin – as a defining figure of the American abolitionist movement, as well as the 19th century at large. Although Stowe’s widely-received image as an author heavily relied on her identity as a mother, little scholarly attention has been granted to the lives of her seven children. One child in particular – her youngest, Charles – is overlooked with particular frequency, despite the significant role he played as his mother’s first official biographer. This thesis lays out a biography of Charles Stowe and examines the lasting impacts that his biographies of his mother have had in shaping the way she is remembered in American history PublicationRadical Women: How Female Leaders of the Ladies' Land League Battled Political, Economic, Religious, and Gender Inequality to Fight for Irish Land Reform(2023) Curran, Anne; Azuma, Eiichiro; Licht, WalterThis thesis examines the impact the Ladies’ Land League and its leaders Anna and Fanny Parnell had on the Irish nationalist movement. Evidence used includes newspapers, the correspondence of key actors, documents from religious and state-level archives, legal records, Fanny’s literary and political writings, and Anna’s memoir. The focus is Dublin in 1880-1882, when male leaders were in prison and the Ladies’ Land League took over all organizational and political decision-making for the movement against landlordism, which was a forerunner to first home rule and then Irish Independence. Despite their hard work, once the male leaders left prison, the women lost their leadership role. Fanny died and Anna quit the movement due to frustration. Nevertheless, despite their short-lived time in leadership, they helped thousands of tenant farmers and promoted radical economic policy, advocating for the non-payment of rents rather than just delaying payment. They did all of this despite facing organizational, religious, and political obstacles.