Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics Theses

Document Type

Thesis or dissertation

Date of this Version



Submitted to the Program of Organizational Dynamics, College of Liberal and Professional Studies in the School of Arts and Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics at the University of Pennsylvania

Advisor: Virginia Vanderslice


The aim of this capstone is to explore factors that heighten the level of engagement and commitment of individuals who work virtually, or away from their organization's central office, at least four days a week. Drawing on a survey of 120 participants who work virtually in various industries, this project analyzes what factors can heighten or diminishes levels of engagement and organizational commitment in virtual workers. The survey uses factors that have been shown to enhance employee engagement and commitment in traditional work environments, such as clear communication and interpersonal relationships, to indicate how important these factors are for participants who work virtually. The survey data revealed that interpersonal relationships with coworkers, clearly stated team goals, and autonomy are three factors that increase employee engagement and commitment in virtual environments. Study findings suggest that effective management strategies can be implemented into organizations to reduce attrition rates and retain passionate employees.


virtual employees, remote workers, employee engagement, organizational commitment



Date Posted: 31 July 2020