Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

3-2006

Publication Source

American Journal of Critical Care

Volume

15

Issue

2

Start Page

158

Last Page

165

Abstract

Background: For any given traumatic injury, older adults experience a longer hospitalization, more complications, and higher mortality than do younger patients.

Objectives: To prospectively identify problems in designing follow-up studies in seriously injured older adults without head injury and to examine outcomes after serious trauma in older adults who were sent to a level I trauma center.

Methods: A short-term descriptive follow-up design was used in which each patient served as his or her baseline. Eligible patients had injuries that required admission to an intensive care unit, a hospital length of stay longer than 72 hours, or surgery. Patients with isolated hip fractures, central nervous system injuries, and burn injuries were excluded. Data were collected by using standardized instruments during the acute hospital stay and 3 months after discharge from the hospital.

Results: During a representative 2-month period, 21% of a potential 77 subjects died in the hospital, 44% had cognitive impairment that precluded participation, and 17% declined to participate. Twenty older adults (mean age 73.5 years) who were injured in motor vehicle crashes (45%), falls (35%), or pedestrian accidents (15%) or who had gunshot wounds (5%) were enrolled. Ten percent died after discharge. Levels of physical disability at 3 months after discharge were higher than those before the injury (score on Sickness Impact Profile physical subscale 24.5 vs 10.9, P = .02), and psychological distress (Impact of Event Scale score 20.9) remained elevated.

Conclusion: Mortality, disability, and posttraumatic psychological distress after discharge are problems in seriously injured older adults.

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Date Posted: 22 May 2017

This document has been peer reviewed.