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Book Chapter

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Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

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This chapter grapples with several difficult questions that arise from the history of conquest, revolution, and colonial rule in Sudan. To what extent was the Mahdist jihad anti-Christian at its inception; to what extent did the jihad reflect, instead, a battle among Muslims over the nature of Islamic government and society? How did Muslim religious sensibilities influence popular responses to British colonialism after 1898? To what extent did jihadist discourses persist among Sudanese Muslims, both in the Anglo-Egyptian period and in the decades following decolonization? Reciprocally, to what extent were British policies anti-Muslim? How did British fears of Muslim “fanaticism” influence colonial policies on education, administration, and public health, and did these policies amount to a series of “colonial crusades”?

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© Oxford University Press, 2013


sudan, mahdi revolt, colonial crusades, British policy, decolonization, fanaticism



Date Posted: 04 November 2015

This document has been peer reviewed.