Document Type

Book Chapter

Date of this Version

2012

Publication Source

Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Start Page

263

Last Page

282

DOI

10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0013

Abstract

This chapter grapples with several difficult questions that arise from the history of conquest, revolution, and colonial rule in Sudan. To what extent was the Mahdist jihad anti-Christian at its inception; to what extent did the jihad reflect, instead, a battle among Muslims over the nature of Islamic government and society? How did Muslim religious sensibilities influence popular responses to British colonialism after 1898? To what extent did jihadist discourses persist among Sudanese Muslims, both in the Anglo-Egyptian period and in the decades following decolonization? Reciprocally, to what extent were British policies anti-Muslim? How did British fears of Muslim “fanaticism” influence colonial policies on education, administration, and public health, and did these policies amount to a series of “colonial crusades”?

Copyright/Permission Statement

© Oxford University Press, 2013

Keywords

sudan, mahdi revolt, colonial crusades, British policy, decolonization, fanaticism

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Date Posted: 04 November 2015

This document has been peer reviewed.