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The brittle-to-ductile transition (BDT) and the strain-rate dependence of the brittle-to-ductile transition temperature (BDTT) have been recently investigated in single crystals of TiAl . It was found that the activation energy associated with the BDTT is 1.4 eV when the slip is dominated by ordinary dislocations and 4.9 eV when it is dominated by superdislocations. Despite this difference in the activation energies, the BDTT, while varying with the strain-rate, remains in the same temperature range, viz., between 516-750C and 635-685C for ordinary and superdislocations, respectively. In this paper, we examine how the activation energy of the BDTT can vary with the type of dislocation activity and explain why it can attain values which are clearly much larger than the activation energy for dislocation motion. We describe a strain-rate dependent mechanism of cooperative dislocation generation in loaded solids above a critical temperature and use it to explain the characteristics of the BDT in TiAl. We show that the activation energy associated with the BDTT is a composite value determined by two or more inter-dependent thermally activated processes and its magnitude can be much larger than the activation energy for dislocation motion in certain materials. The predictions of the model are in good agreement with observations in TiAl.
Khantha, M., Vitek, V., & Pope, D. P. (2000). Strain-Rate Dependence of the Brittle-to-Ductile Transition Temperature in TiAl. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/mse_papers/11
Date Posted: 01 November 2004
This document has been peer reviewed.