Departmental Papers (MEAM)

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Journal Article

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Suggested Citation: Chung, J.N., Portonovo S. Ayyaswamy and Satwindar S. Sadhal. (1984). Laminar condensation on a moving drop. Part 1. Singular perturbation technique. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. Vol. 139, p. 105-130.

Copyright 1984 Cambridge University Press.


In this paper, laminar condensation on a spherical drop in a forced flow is investigated. The drop experiences a strong, radial, condensation-induced velocity while undergoing slow translation. In view of the high condensation velocity, the flow field, although the drop experiences slow translation, is not in the Stokes-flow regime. The drop environment is assumed to consist of a mixture of saturated steam (condensable) and air (non-condensable). The study has been carried out in two different ways. In Part 1 the continuous phase is treated as quasi-steady and the governing equations for this phase are solved through a singular perturbation technique. The transient heat-up of the drop interior is solved by the series-truncation numerical method. The solution for the total problem is obtained by matching the results for the continuous and dispersed phases. I n Part 2 both the phases are treated as fully transient and the entire set of coupled equations are solved by numerical means. Validity of the quasi-steady assumption of Part 1 is discussed. Effects due to the presence of the non-condensable component and of the drop surface temperature on transport processes are discussed in both parts. A significant contribution of the present study is the inclusion of the roles played by both the viscous and the inertial effects in the problem treatment.



Date Posted: 17 August 2010

This document has been peer reviewed.