NoSQ: Store-Load Communication without a Store Queue

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Sha, Tingting
Martin, Milo
Roth, Amir

This paper presents NoSQ (short for No Store Queue), a microarchitecture that performs store-load communication without a store queue and without executing stores in the out-of-order engine. NoSQ implements store-load communication using speculative memory bypassing (SMB), the dynamic short-circuiting of DEF-store-load-USE chains to DEF-USE chains. Whereas previous proposals used SMB as an opportunistic complement to conventional store queue-based forwarding, NoSQ uses SMB as a store queue replacement. NoSQ relies on two supporting mechanisms. The first is an advanced store-load bypassing predictor that for a given dynamic load can predict whether that load will bypass and the identity of the communicating store. The second is an efficient verification mechanism for both bypassed and non-bypassed loads using in-order load re-execution with an SMB-aware store vulnerability window (SVW) filter. The primary benefit of NoSQ is a simple, fast datapath that does not contain store-load forwarding hardware; all loads get their values either from the data cache or from the register file. Experiments show that this simpler design - despite being more speculative - slightly outperforms a conventional store-queue based design on most benchmarks (by 2% on average).

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Copyright 2006 IEEE. Reprinted from <em>Proceedings of the 39th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, 2006, MICRO-39</em>, pages 285-296. <br><br> This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the University of Pennsylvania's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.
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