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For an animated human face model to appear natural it should produce eye movements consistent with human ocular behavior. During face-to-face conversational interactions, eyes exhibit conversational turn-taking and agent thought processes through gaze direction, saccades, and scan patterns. We have implemented an eye movement model based on empirical models of saccades and statistical models of eye-tracking data. Face animations using stationary eyes, eyes with random saccades only, and eyes with statistically derived saccades are compared, to evaluate whether they appear natural and effective while communicating.
Eye movement synthesis, facial animation, statistical modeling, saccades, HCI (Human-Computer Interface)
Badler, N. I., Badler, J. B., & Lee, S. (2002). Eyes Alive. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/hms/51
Date Posted: 24 July 2007
This document has been peer reviewed.