Role of lateral cell–cell border location and extracellular/transmembrane domains in PECAM/CD31 mechanosensation

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Institute for Medicine and Engineering Papers
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Platelet endothelial adhesion molecule-1
Endothelial mechanotransduction
Hyperosmotic stress
Fluid shear stress
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Kaufman, David A.
Albelda, Steven M.
Sun, Jing

Phosphorylation of tyrosine residues on platelet–endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), followed by signal trans- 13 duction events, has been described in endothelial cells following exposure to hyperosmotic and fluid shear stress. However, it is 14 unclear whether PECAM-1 functions as a primary mechanosensor in this process. Utilizing a PECAM-1–null EC-like cell line, we 15 examined the importance of cellular localization and the extracellular and transmembrane domains in PECAM-1 phosphorylation 16 responses to mechanical stress. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1 was stimulated in response to mechanical stress in null cells 17 transfected either with full length PECAM-1 or with PECAM-1 mutants that do not localize to the lateral cell–cell adhesion site and 18 that do not support homophilic binding between PECAM-1 molecules. Furthermore, null cells transfected with a construct that 19 contains the intact cytoplasmic domain of PECAM-1 fused to the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the interleukin-2 20 receptor also underwent mechanical stress-induced PECAM-1 tyrosine phosphorylation. These findings suggest that mechano- 21 sensitive PECAM-1 may lie downstream of a primary mechanosensor that activates a tyrosine kinase.

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Postprint version. Published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Volume 320, Issue 4, 2004, pages 1076-81. Publisher URL:
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