Departmental Papers (ESE)


We measured the electronic properties and gas sensing responses of template-grown poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT/PSS)-based nanowires. The nanowires had a 'striped' structure (gold–PEDOT/PSS–gold), and were typically 8 µm long (1 µm–6 µm–1 µm for the sections, respectively) and 220 nm in diameter. Single-nanowire devices were contacted with pre-fabricated gold electrodes using dielectrophoretic assembly. A polymer conductivity of 11.5 ± 0.7 S cm−1 and a contact resistance of 27.6 ± 4 kΩ were inferred from measurements on nanowires of varying length and diameter. The nanowire sensors detected a variety of odors, with rapid response and recovery (seconds). The response (ΔR/R) varied as a power law with analyte concentration. The power law exponent was found to increase with the molecular weight of the analyte and as a function of temperature. The detection limits are set by noise intrinsic to the device and are at the ppm level even for very volatile analytes.

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version



This paper appeared in:

Gas sensing properties of single conducting polymer nanowires and the effect of temperature. Yaping Dan, Yanyan Cao, Tom E Mallouk, Stephane Evoy and A T Charlie Johnson 2009 Nanotechnology 20 434014 (4pp)

This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Nanotechnology. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The definitive publisher authenticated version is available online at



Date Posted: 03 November 2009

This document has been peer reviewed.