The Global Settlement, All-Star Analyst Departures, and Their Impact on the Capital Markets
Global Research Analyst Settlement
Finance and Financial Management
The Global Research Analyst Settlement prohibited twelve large investment banks from tying equity analysts' compensation to investment banking revenues, causing a large number of Institutional Investor "all-star" analysts to exit the sell-side industry. Using a difference-in-differences specification, I find that the departure of all-stars caused their bank-industry underwriting groups to lose equity issuance market share. Market share losses were more severe for IPOs than for IPOs and follow-on underwritings combined. The higher the average quality of all-stars in a bank-industry, the more severe were the bank-industry's losses. Additionally, the departure of all-stars raised the cost of equity capital for IPOs underwritten by their bank-industry groups, particularly for IPOs that were more difficult to value. Ultimately, the loss of sell-side research talent, an unintended consequence of regulation, forced issuers to accept research coverage of inferior quality, raising the cost of obtaining public capital.