Light Rail Transit Surface Options
Current interest in Light Rail Transit (LRT) is anchored in its functional and economic capabilities which derive from operations at surface street level. European cities have shown that light rail can be successfully co-located with growing automobile traffic. There are no unique forms and approaches to LRT surface operations. European experts have come up with a range of design concepts of varying cost and differing impacts on adjoining vehicular and pedestrian movements. This report reviews and illustrates the applications of many of the more successfully used design and operational concepts. Topics include design concepts using man-made or vegetation barriers to separate traffic and means to delineate and separate movements with contrasting pavement textures and curbs. Considerable coverage is given to use of modern signalized traffic control and traffic management techniques. This report also deals with an essential element of LRT surface operations, self-service or barrier-free fare collection.