A Data-Driven Appearance Model for Human Fatigue

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Humans become visibly tired during physical activity. After a set of squats, jumping jacks or walking up a flight of stairs, individuals start to pant, sweat, loose their balance, and flush. Simulating these physiological changes due to exertion and exhaustion on an animated character greatly enhances a motion’s realism. These fatigue factors depend on the mechanical, physical, and biochemical function states of the human body. The difficulty of simulating fatigue for character animation is due in part to the complex anatomy of the human body. We present a multi-modal capturing technique for acquiring synchronized biosignal data and motion capture data to enhance character animation. The fatigue model utilizes an anatomically derived model of the human body that includes a torso, organs, face, and rigged body. This model is then driven by biosignal output. Our animations show the wide range of exhaustion behaviors synthesized from real biological data output. We demonstrate the fatigue model by augmenting standard motion capture with exhaustion effects to produce more realistic appearance changes during three exercise examples. We compare the fatigue model with both simple procedural methods and a dense marker set data capture of exercise motions.

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Kider, J., Pollock, K., & Safonova, A., A Data-Driven Appearance Model for Human Fatigue, Eurographics/ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation, SCA 2011, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2312/SCA/SCA11/119-128 ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Copyright © 2011 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or permissions@acm.org.
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