GÃ¼neÅ, PÄ±nar Mine
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
PublicationThe Impact of Female Education on Fertility: Evidence from Turkey(2013-07-29) Güneş, Pınar MineThis paper explores the causal relationship between female education and fertility by exploiting a change in the compulsory schooling law (CSL) in Turkey. Using exposure to the CSL across cohorts as an instrumental variable, the results indicate that an extra year of female schooling reduces teenage fertility by 0.03 births, which is a reduction of 33%. Exploring heterogeneous effects indicates that female education reduces teenage fertility more in provinces with higher initial fertility and lower population density. Finally, the CSL postpones childbearing by delaying marriage thereby reducing fertility. PublicationThe Role of Maternal Education in Child Health: Evidence from a Compulsory Schooling Law(2013-09-24) Güneş, Pınar MineThis paper explores the effect of maternal education on child health and the channels in which education operates by exploiting a change in the compulsory schooling law (CSL) in Turkey. In order to account for the endogeneity of education, variation in the exposure to the CSL across cohorts induced by the timing of the policy is used as an instrumental variable. The results indicate that mother’s primary school completion improves infant health, as measured by very low birth weight, and child health, as measured by height-for-age and weight-for-age z-scores, even after controlling for many potential confounding factors. This paper also demonstrates that mother’s primary school completion leads to earlier preventive care initiation and reduces smoking.