Spring 1986

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Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
  • Publication
    Should Quechua Be Used in Puno's Rural Schools?
    (1986-04-01) Hornberger, Nancy H
    This paper speculates on the possibilities for planning for language maintenance in one particular case. It considers the pros and cons of using Quechua in schools serving Quechua-speaking communities in rural highland Puno, Peru, from the point of view of its bearing on Quechua language maintenance. The paper is based on a two-year ethnographic sociolinguistic study in two communities of Puno. The study compared uses Quechua and Spanish in the communities and their schools, one of which participated in a bilingual education project. It also compared attitudes of community members toward the two languages. The paper draws from the findings of the research in discussing two questions: Can language maintenance be planned?; and Can schools be agents for language maintenance?
  • Publication
    The Bulge: A Theory of Speech Behavior and Social Distance
    (1986-04-01) Wolfson, Nessa
    The purpose of this paper is threefold. Firstly. I want to outline the major ways in which the study of rules of speaking can provide insights into the norms and values of a speech community. Secondly. I will discuss ways in which the same material can provide information about the interaction process and the situations in which interlocutors negotiate their relationships with one another. Lastly, I will put forth a theory concerning patterns of interaction within a general middle class American speech community.
  • Publication
    A Context for Revision: An Ethnographic Perspective
    (1986-04-01) Brodkey, Linda
    For more than a decade, the field of composition has been studying writing as a process. More specifically, process studies are expressed in terms of cognitive psychology, the social science most prepared in the early seventies to focus on individual writers as they wrote. On the one hand, studies of writers' cognitive processes have shown the value of attending not only to what people write, but also to how they go about doing so. Such research, for instance, has made it possible to imagine writing as a moment to moment affair, during which writers shift their attention from one cognitive activity to another, moving back and forth between what they've already written to what they're writing. On the other hand, exclusive attention to writers' cognitive activities ignores the fact that writing can also be thought about and studied as a social process. While an ethnographic perspective in no way discounts the importance of studying writing as cognition, it does raise questions about those studies of writers' cognitive processes which systematically decontextualize writers from the circumstances of writing. In fact, contextualized research argues that cognition cannot be isolated as autonomous activity, for what people think about and how they think is profoundly influenced by the situations in which they find themselves.
  • Publication
    Research in Brief: Slaying the Jabberwock
    (1986-04-01) Howland, David
  • Publication
  • Publication
    Making Input Comprehensible: Do Interactional Modifications Help?
    (1986-04-01) Pica, Teresa; Doughty, Catherine; Young, Richard