Fall 2009

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Now showing 1 - 9 of 9
  • Publication
    "Doing the Month": Exploring Chinese Culture
    (2014-03-09) Ng, Diana S
    Cultural values and practices significantly affect patient care and education. Every effort must be made on the healthcare works part, especially nurses, to understand and integrate cultural customs into their interventions and teachings. The majority of Chinese women practice a tradition called "doing the month" after childbirth. They spend a month on best-rest, isolated in their homes from the public, and are expected to perform ancestral rituals such as diet restrictions and abstaining from bathing. This paper reviews three articles on the topic, including a classic article, and determined that social and industrial advances have changed the manner in which the rituals are performed. However, the rationales behind the cultural practice have for the most part remained the same. Therefore, cultural competency must be achieved by nurses in order to facilitate improved communication and interventions with Chinese women in their early postpartum period.
  • Publication
    A Fence for the Wind
    (2014-03-09) Hildebrand-Turcik, Caitlin
  • Publication
    Breastfeeding Practices of HIV-Positive Mothers in Resource-Limited Settings
    (2014-03-09) Altemeyer, Amy
    HIV-postive mothers in resource-limited settings must balance the risk of HIV transmission through breast milk with the well-documented and culturally embraced benefits of breastfeeding when deciding whether or not to breastfeed their newborns. Additionally, these mothers must also simultaneously overcome the stigma associated with their HIV-positive status. Although a large amount of research has been conducted regarding this topic, few mothers in these settings are educated about the best practices to maximize the benefits of breastfeeding while minimizing the risk of vertical HIV transmission (Holmes & Savage, 2007). This paper utilizes a review of the current research regarding the issue of breastfeeding and HIV-positive mothers to determine the most effective practices, the barriers to implementation in resource-limited settings, and the educational approaches that would best overcome these barriers. Exclusive breastfeeding for six months and a need for successful and appropriate education interventions were deemed to be the most prominent findings.
  • Publication
  • Publication
    (2014-03-09) Klevin, Stephanie
  • Publication
    (2014-03-09) Borghi, Julia
  • Publication
    Maternal Mortality in Afghanistan: An Emerging Cultural Complexity
    (2014-03-09) Newcomer, Jennifer
    While helping run clinics in Kabul, Afghanistan, with doctors and nurses, I heard from many families about the gravity and prevalence of maternal mortality and also met several women that have dealt with this issue. I possessed the first-hand anecdotal evidence, but needed factual proof. As a result, this paper takes a statistical approach to examining one of Afghanistan's leading killers: complications in pregnancy. It also reports on findings from the literature from several articles about gender inequity, reproductive health knowledge, and post-partum hemorrhage, seeking to explain several cultural factors that promote maternal mortality in Afghanistan. Lastly, it identifies possible solutions and accompanying barriers to maternal health (or attributing factors to maternal mortality), making the claim that nurses could greatly improve the situation by educating the women and the community. The goal of this paper is to raise awareness of maternal mortality in Afghanistan.
  • Publication
    Schistosomiasis: An Assessment of Past Eradication as a Guide for Future Strategies in the People's Republic of China
    (2014-03-09) Robbins, Debra A
    Conservative estimates suggest that approximately 200 million people have schistosomiasis and 650 live in endemic areas and thus are at increased risk for contracting the infection (World Health Organization [WHO], 2007a). Of particular interest is that the prevalence of schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China where, in spite of large governmental initiatives, it remains at concerning levels in some areas. Further, the rates of schistosomiasis infections are predicted to increase because of a decrease in the funds allotted to the effort, the ecological and social ramifications of large building projects, and the inability to sustain short-lived approaches to control the disease. As a result, re-emergence has occurred in some areas once considered under transmission control. This paper will explore past strategies implemented in China, examine factors that enabled Japan to successfully eradicate the disease and discuss some new approaches that could enable China to reach its ultimate goal of complete eradication of schistosomiasis.