Date of Award

2022

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Graduate Group

Neuroscience

First Advisor

Theodore D. Satterthwaite

Abstract

Hierarchies form critical scaffolds for top-down processing but are often multiplex. In the brain, multiple layers of complex hierarchies intersect, dissociate, and re-converge over the lifespan. Although aspects of local hierarchical organizations are well-mapped for sensory systems, the fashion by which hierarchical organization extends globally is unknown. Human neuroimaging provides a means by which to observe both the developmental emergence and functions of global neurohierarchical organization. Here, we leveraged these advances to distill multiple layers of hierarchical formation across diverse brain-tissue quantifications. We demonstrate that these layers form common and dissociable biomarkers of the developmental emergence of complex cognition. Our results indicate that multiplex neurocognitive development both processes across a normative hierarchical pattern and contributes to engraining the pattern into cortical function. Further, our results suggest that neurocognitive development is largely contemporaneous with neurocognitive aging in an integrated, flexible lifespan sequence.

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