Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Cell & Molecular Biology
Chi V. Dang
Recent reports indicate hypoxia influences the circadian clock through the transcriptional activities of hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) at clock genes. Unexpectedly, we uncover a profound disruption of the circadian clock and diurnal transcriptome when hypoxic cells are permitted to acidify, recapitulating the tumor microenvironment. Buffering against acidification or inhibiting lactic acid production fully rescues circadian oscillation. Acidification of several human and murine cell lines, as well as primary murine T cells, suppresses mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling, a key regulator of translation in response to metabolic status. We find acid drives peripheral redistribution of normally perinuclear lysosomes away from perinuclear RHEB, inhibiting activity of lysosome-bound mTOR. Restoring mTORC1 signaling and the translation it governs rescues clock oscillation, revealing a model in which acid produced during the cellular metabolic response to hypoxia suppresses the circadian clock through diminished translation of clock constituents.
Walton, Zandra Elene, "Acid Suspends The Circadian Clock In Hypoxia Through Inhibition Of Mtor" (2018). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. 3034.