Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Mechanical Engineering & Applied Mechanics
Kevin T. Turner
Tunable adhesion is the ability for the same surface to have high adhesion under one set of conditions and low adhesion under another. It has a variety of applications, including transfer printing of micro- and nano-scale components, climbing and perching robots, and material handling in manufacturing. Approaches to tunable adhesion, including the work in this dissertation, often rely on van der Waals forces to achieve dry adhesion. Previous strategies for dry tunable adhesives have generally exploited complex fibrillar structures that are inspired by nature. The work in this dissertation investigates a different strategy for enhanced and tunable adhesion based on composite structures with simple geometries.
This dissertation examines the use of composite posts, consisting of stiff insets surrounded by a compliant shell, as an approach for achieving enhanced and tunable adhesion. This composite structure has a high effective adhesion strength under normal loading and low adhesion when shear is applied. Experiments as well as finite element (FE) analysis are used to understand the mechanics of these posts under both types of loading. The adhesion of composite posts is affected by the stress distribution at the contacting surface. Homogeneous posts have concentrated stress near the edge, facilitating crack initiation, while the composite post can result in a redistribution of this stress towards the center, resulting in higher adhesion. The basic mechanics of these posts are demonstrated through experiments on mm-scale posts. The composite mm-scale composite posts have 3x higher adhesion than homogeneous posts under normal loading and shear displacement was shown to significantly decrease the effective adhesion strength. Micro-scale posts are studied and used in micro-transfer printing applications. These posts have an effective adhesion strength of 1.5 MPa, and the pull-off force of the composite post is 9x that of a homogeneous post. In both the mm-scale and micro-scale studies, the experimental results are supported by FE simulations. Arrays of micro-scale posts were fabricated and their adhesion behavior characterized. In an array, the contact of each individual post becomes less critical and can contact diverse surfaces. This work established the mechanics of composite posts for achieving enhanced and tunable adhesion.
Minsky, Helen K., "Composite Posts For Enhanced And Tunable Adhesion" (2017). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. 2476.