Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Computer and Information Science
Stephanie C. Weirich
Haskell, as implemented in the Glasgow Haskell Compiler (GHC), has been adding new type-level programming features for some time. Many of these features---generalized algebraic datatypes (GADTs), type families, kind polymorphism, and promoted datatypes---have brought Haskell to the doorstep of dependent types. Many dependently typed programs can even currently be encoded, but often the constructions are painful.
In this dissertation, I describe Dependent Haskell, which supports full dependent types via a backward-compatible extension to today's Haskell. An important contribution of this work is an implementation, in GHC, of a portion of Dependent Haskell, with the rest to follow. The features I have implemented are already released, in GHC 8.0. This dissertation contains several practical examples of Dependent Haskell code, a full description of the differences between Dependent Haskell and today's Haskell, a novel dependently typed lambda-calculus (called Pico) suitable for use as an intermediate language for compiling Dependent Haskell, and a type inference and elaboration algorithm, Bake, that translates Dependent Haskell to type-correct Pico. Full proofs of type safety of Pico and the soundness of Bake are included in the appendix.
Eisenberg, Richard Alan, "Dependent Types In Haskell: Theory And Practice" (2016). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. 2266.