Date of this Version
Journal of Dental Research
Variations in the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis could contribute to the etiology of gingival overgrowth. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that, in fibrotic gingival lesions, fibroblast proliferation is stimulated and apoptosis is decreased. Apoptotic index, caspase 3 expression, the proliferative index, FOXO1 expression, and histological inflammation were measured in situ. Analysis of data showed that apoptosis decreased in all forms of gingival overgrowth examined (p < 0.05), and inflammation caused a small but significant increase compared with non-inflamed tissues (p < 0.05). The greatest decrease of apoptosis occurred in the most fibrotic tissues. Cell proliferation was elevated in all forms of gingival overgrowth tested, independent of inflammation (p < 0.05). To identify potential mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of apoptosis, we assessed FOXO1 and caspase 3 expression levels and found them to correlate well with diminished apoptosis. Analysis of data suggests that increased fibroblast proliferation and a simultaneous decrease in apoptosis contribute to gingival overgrowth.
gingival overgrowth, fibrosis, fibroblast, apoptosis, FOXO1
Kantarci, A. I., Augustín, P., Firatli, E., Sheff, M. C., Hastürk, H., Graves, D. T., & Trackman, P. C. (2007). Apoptosis in Gingival Overgrowth Tissues. Journal of Dental Research, 86 (9), 888-892. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/154405910708600916
Date Posted: 02 April 2015
This document has been peer reviewed.