Database Research Group (CIS)

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version

January 1999


Working Paper, 1999, 22 pages. Unpublished.


In this paper, we present the W4F toolkit for the generation of wrappers for Web sources. W4F consists of a retrieval language to identify Web sources, a declarative extraction language (the HTML Extraction Language) to express robust extraction rules and a mapping interface to export the extracted information into some user-defined data-structures. To assist the user and make the creation of wrappers rapid and easy, the toolkit offers some wysiwyg support via some wizards. Together, they permit the fast and semi-automatic generation of ready-to-go wrappers provided as Java classes. W4F has been successfully used to generate wrappers for database systems and software agents, making the content of Web sources easily accessible to any kind of application.


Web wrapper, information extraction, HTML parsing, HTML to XML conversion



Date Posted: 11 June 2007