Departmental Papers (City and Regional Planning)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

January 1980


Reprinted from Journal of the American Planning Association, Volume 46, Issue 1, January 1980, pages 22-49.

The author, Dr. Eugenie L. Birch, asserts her right to include this material in ScholarlyCommons@Penn.


The interplay between harmony and conflict focusing on the definition of planning and the financing of promotional activities has characterized the seventy year history of the professional organizations. Despite these currents, foundation support, visionary leadership, and dedicated volunteerism have combined to spread the planning ideal throughout the nation. Nonetheless, the profession remains weakly defined, leaving a challenge for the newly formed American Planning Association.



Date Posted: 19 September 2007

This document has been peer reviewed.