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This paper reviews penal history in order to consider forms of resistance to mass surveillance. Because experiences of surveillance are endemic to incarcerated life, identifying tactics of protest among these populations provides valuable insights for potential forms of counter-conduct in other circumstances of ubiquitous monitoring. We introduce the term incodification as a means of describing conditions of continuous surveillance ingrained into infrastructures of everyday life, even as these conditions give rise to tactics of resistance. We focus on three forms of protest: hunger strikes, alternate communication networks and viral dance videos, drawing on Foucault’s theory of askesis in order to develop our understanding of incodification. Our objective in introducing this term, and with our analysis as a whole, is to provoke and promote theoretical and activist projects that both address and subvert infrastructures of incodification.
Incoded counter-conduct: What the incarcerated can teach us about resisting mass surveillance” is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Incoded counter-conduct: What the incarcerated can teach us about resisting mass surveillance by Jessa Lingel and Aram Sinnreich. First Monday, Volume 21, Number 5 - 2 May 2016 http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/6172/5470 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/fm.v21i5.6172
surveillance, technological activism, prisons, social justice
Lingel, J., & Sinnreich, A. (2016). Incoded Counter-Conduct: What the Incarcerated Can Teach Us About Resisting Mass Surveillance. First Monday, 21 (5), https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v21i5.6172
Date Posted: 09 July 2018
This document has been peer reviewed.