Wharton Research Scholars

Document Type

Working Paper

Date of this Version



Income-generating projects are used as a tool of engendered development in developing economies. This paper uses primary data from rural Morocco to investigate whether income-generating projects have an impact on the five dimensions of women’s empowerment identified: economic decision-making, child decision-making, mobility, access to resources, and control over resources. The paper uses Instrumental Variable (IV) and Propensity Score Matching (PSM) methods to address the endogeneity and selection on observables issues that may arise in this enquiry. IV and PSM methods estimate a 39.63% and 14.21% significant increase in total empowerment respectively.


Morocco, gender, women's empowerment, income-generating projects, impact evaluation, decision-making, bargaining, resources, observational data, instrumental variables, propensity score matching


Date Posted: 28 October 2014