In this squib we explore a strictly derivational explanation for the differences in possible middle voice constructions in Norwegian and Swedish. Whereas Norwegian allows by its lexical s-passive construction as well as a complex adjectival construction to stand in for middle semantics, only the latter option is available in Swedish. We argue that this contrast lies in the lexicalization of formal syntactico-semantic features and advance the claim that the failure to lexicalize all features in a derivational results in structures uninterpretable to the external interfaces (i.e., Exhaustive Lexicalization).
Fábregas, Antonio and Putnam, Michael
"Parasitic semantics (or why Swedish can’t lexicalize middle voice constructions),"
University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics:
1, Article 7.
Available at: http://repository.upenn.edu/pwpl/vol19/iss1/7