Departmental Papers (MSE)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

November 2003


Copyright The American Ceramic Society. Reprinted from Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Volume 86, Issue 11, November 2003, pages 1861-1866.


The effect of the B-site cation chemistry and ordering on the dielectric properties of solid solutions in the (1-x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-Pb(Sc1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PMN-PSN) perovskite system was examined in samples with 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.9. Thermal annealing treatments were effective in inducing long-range B-site order in the samples within this compositional range. The well-ordered, large chemical domain ceramics exhibit relaxor behavior up to x = ~0.5; for higher values of x, normal ferroelectric behavior was observed. For x ≤ 0.5 reductions in the chemical domain, size had no significant effect on the weak-field dielectric properties, but induced a transition to relaxor behavior for x > ~0.6. The disordered PSN-rich samples undergo a spontaneous zero-field relaxor to ferroelectric transition similar to that reported previously for PSN. The field-dependent properties of compositions lying closest to the relaxor to ferroelectric crossover exhibited the highest sensitivity to alterations in the chemical order. The properties of this system are consistent with a "random site" description of the 1:1 ordered Pb(β′1/2 β1/2)O3 structure with β′ = (Mg(2-2x)/3Nb(1-x)/3Scx) and β″ = Nb.



Date Posted: 03 December 2004

This document has been peer reviewed.