Date of this Version
Interdiffusion in multi-phase diffusion couples of polycrystalline Ti and polysynthetically twinned (PST) Ti-49.3 at.% Al, with the diffusion direction parallel to the lamellar planes, is investigated in the temperature range 973 – 1173 K. A reaction zone (RZ) of the α2-Ti3Al phase forms between the end materials and exhibits deeper penetration in the α2 lamellae than in the primary γ lamellae. The mass balance and the lamellar thickness across the RZ / PST interface are believed to be the major factors that lead to the different behaviors in the penetration depth of the RZ. Direct measurements of the RZ thickness reveal a parabolic growth of the RZ, indicating a diffusion-controlled growth macroscopically. Concentration profiles from the Ti, through the RZ, into the PST γ and α2 lamellae are measured by x-ray spectroscopy in a transmission electron microscope. Deviations from a diffusion-controlled composition profile indicate some extent of interface-controlled growth. Plateaus are seen in the concentration profiles in the RZ adjacent to the RZ/PST interface, extending through most of the deeply penetrated well region. The interfacial energy and strain energy are possible reasons for the plateaus. The interdiffusion coefficients are found to be largely independent of composition with a temperature dependence that obeys the Arrhenius relationship.
Date Posted: 05 November 2004
This document has been peer reviewed.