Departmental Papers (ESE)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

December 2007

Comments

Copyright American Physical Society. Reprinted from Physical Review B, Volume 76, Article 245109, December 2007, 17 pages.
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.76.245109

Abstract

In this work, we investigate the detailed theory of the supercoupling, anomalous tunneling effect, and field confinement originally identified by Silveirinha and Engheta [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 157403 (2006)], where we demonstrated the possibility of using materials with permittivity ε near zero to drastically improve the transmission of electromagnetic energy through a narrow irregular channel with very subwavelength transverse cross section. Here, we present additional physical insights, describe applications of the tunneling effect in relevant waveguide scenarios (e.g., the "perfect" or "super" waveguide coupling), and study the effect of metal losses in the metallic walls and the possibility of using near-zero epsilon materials to confine energy in a subwavelength cavity with gigantic field enhancement. In addition, we systematically study the propagation of electromagnetic waves through narrow channels filled with anisotropic near-zero ε materials. It is demonstrated that these materials may have interesting potentials, and that for some particular geometries, the reflectivity of the channel is independent of the specific dimensions or parameters of near-zero ε transition. We also describe several realistic metamaterial implementations of the studied problems, based on standard metallic waveguides, microstrip line configurations, and wire media.

Keywords

electromagnetic wave transmission, metamaterials, microstrip lines, optical waveguides, permittivity, tunnelling

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Date Posted: 02 September 2008

This document has been peer reviewed.