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Porous ceramics of Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) were prepared by tape-casting methods using both pyrolyzable pore formers and NiO followed by acid leaching. The porosity of YSZ wafers increased in a regular manner with the mass of graphite or polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) to between 60% and 75% porosity. SEM indicated that the shape of the pores in the final ceramic was related to the shape of the pore formers, so that the pore size and microstructure of YSZ wafers could be controlled by the choice of pore former. Dilatometry measurements showed that measurable shrinkage started at 1300 K, and a total shrinkage of 26% was observed, independent of the amount or type of pore former used. Temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) measurements on the green tapes demonstrated that the binders and dispersants were combusted between 550 and 750 K, that PMMA decomposed to methyl methacrylate between 500 and 700 K, and that graphite combusted above 900 K. The porosity of YSZ ceramics prepared by acid leaching of nickel from NiO–YSZ, with 50 wt% NiO, was studied as a function of NiO and YSZ particle size. Significant changes in pore dimension were found when NiO particle size was changed.
Boaro, M., Vohs, J. M., & Gorte, R. J. (2003). Synthesis of Highly Porous Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia by Tape-Casting Methods. Retrieved from http://repository.upenn.edu/cbe_papers/12
Date Posted: 03 December 2004
This document has been peer reviewed.