Departmental Papers (ASC)

Document Type

Journal Article

Date of this Version

2015

Publication Source

Communication Methods and Measures

Volume

9

Issue

1-2

Start Page

30

Last Page

54

DOI

10.1080/19312458.2014.999750

Abstract

Understanding and predicting the mechanisms and consequences of effective communication may be greatly advanced by leveraging knowledge from social and cognitive neuroscience research. We build on prior brain research that mapped mental processes, and show that information gained from neuroimaging can predict variation in communication outcomes over and above that associated with self-report. We further discuss how neural measures can complement physiological and other implicit measures. The brain-as-predictor approach can (1) allow researchers to predict individual and population level outcomes of exposure to communication stimuli with greater accuracy and (2) provide a better understanding of the mental processes underlying behaviors relevant to communication research. In this article, we give a detailed description of the brain-as-predictor approach and provide a guide for scholars interested in employing it in their research. We then discuss how the brain-as-predictor approach can be used to provide theoretical insights in communication research. Given its potential for advancing theory and practice, we argue that the brain-as-predictor approach can serve as a valuable addition to the communication science toolbox and provide a brief checklist for authors, reviewers and editors interested in using the approach.

Copyright/Permission Statement

This is the Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Communication Methods and Measures on 17 Mar 2015, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19312458.2014.999750.

Keywords

fMRI, EEG, ERP, fNIRS, biological, neuroscience, brain, neuroimaging, prediction, media effects

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Date Posted: 23 May 2016