Drawing on an ethnographic monitoring engagement with Kichwa intercultural bilingual educators in the Peruvian Amazon, we argue for ethnographic monitoring (Hymes, 1980) as a method and the continua of biliteracy (Hornberger, 1989, 1990, 2003; Hornberger & Skilton-Sylvester, 2000) as a heuristic for mapping biliteracy teaching in Indigenous contexts of bilingualism. Through our mapping, we uncover tensions in the teaching of majoritized languages in Indigenous contexts of postcoloniality, challenge constructs of student shyness, and propose pedagogies to support the flourishing of student voice in bilingual education.
Hornberger, N. H., & Kvietok Dueñas, F. (2017). From Student Shyness to Student Voice: Mapping Biliteracy Teaching in Indigenous Contexts. 32 (1), Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/wpel/vol32/iss1/1