Aims & Scope
WPEL (Working Papers in Educational Linguistics) presents works in progress primarily by Penn affiliated students and faculty working in areas of educational linguistics. Areas include, but are not limited to, second language acquisition, sociolinguistics, interlanguage pragmatics, language planning and policy, literacy, TESOL methods and materials, bilingual education, classroom research on language and literacy, discourse analysis, computer assisted language learning, language and gender, language and the professions, and language related curriculum design. Submissions to WPEL cannot be under consideration for publication elsewhere unless permission has been granted by the other publications. In this case, it is the author's responsibility to obtain the necessary permission and citation. We ask that any WPEL article published elsewhere at a later time include a reference to WPEL. The individual authors retain copyright privileges. Articles not accepted for the current issue may be rewritten and resubmitted for the following edition. A recommendation to rewrite is not a guarantee of future publication in WPEL.